Diseases in Dogs : Prophylaxis and Treatment of dog

Diseases in Dogs: Dogs are also more similar to kids. They can also get sick. More diseases result in a shortening of their life. To prolong their life, it is important to know all the prevalent diseases in them. Along with all major diseases common in them, you should also be aware of their symptoms and primary treatment.

Here in this article, we will discuss the most common diseases prevalent in dogs. Your dog can get contaminated with these diseases at the park, groomers or shelters.

Diseases in dogs

Always keep an eye on your dog’s activity and try to keep them away from contaminated dogs or dogs with weird behavior.  And never delay calling the vet if you find their behavior suspicious. Also, contact the vet as your dog behave differently or you notice your dog exhibiting any strange symptoms.

Here are these diseases that may affect your dog:

Canine Distemper Diseases in Dogs


The most common symptom you will notice is runny eyes, coughing, fever, vomiting. The dog may get paralyzed in later stages.  You can diagnose the disease after looking at the foot and nose of your dog. The foot and nose will appear hard.

About disease

This is a highly contagious disease and sometimes may prove fatal.  this disease comes under airborne disease. It can be transmitted through the air or indirect contacts like a shared food bowl.

The pups and dogs with the lower immune systems are more prone to this disease.

Prophylaxis and Treatment

If your dog is showing some nervous signs and symptoms more similar to canine distemper. Take him to your vet as fast as you can. This disease is quite serious, but your vet will try his best by providing supportive care.   They will start fluid therapy and antibiotics to prevent secondary infection.

The best way to prevent your friend is vaccination. You can vaccinate your pet and prevent the occurrence of this disease.

Canine parvovirus Diseases in Dogs


This is another serious disease characterized by fever, lethargy, vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss, dehydration. The reason for complications in this disease is vomiting and diarrhea.

About disease

This is also a highly contagious disease. The transmission mode in this disease is via contact with either patient or contaminated fecal matter. The worst fact is that it can be easily spread. The treatment in this disease is also not effective. This may lead to death if it affects the internal organ of your dog.

Prophylaxis and treatment

As you notice foul-smelling diarrhea and more frequent vomiting, quickly consult your vet. The best way to prevent your pet from this disease is vaccination.

Rabies Diseases in Dogs


The most common disease that can not only affect dogs but also humans is rabies. It is characterized by fever, pain, hyperactivity of dog and paralysis.

About disease

The culprit for this disease is rhabdovirus that can be spread via saliva or bite from an infected animal. This disease is mostly fatal once the animal starts showing symptoms.

Prophylaxis and treatment

There is no treatment for this disease. The only way is to prevent this disease is vaccination. Try to keep your animal away from rabid animals. Never forget to vaccinate your dog after every fight with a stray dog.

Heartworm Diseases in Dogs


This is a parasitic disease characterized by lethargy, respiratory problem, coughing, heart disease, and weight loss.

About disease

Heartworm is a parasite that resides in the heart of your pet. The disease can be spread by mosquitoes.

Prophylaxis and treatment

You should medicate your dog with preventive medications like dewormers. It is better to spend money on dewormer rather than spending on the r crisis.

In the case of heartworm infestation, your vet will prescribe the rigorous regimen of steroids, antibiotics, and an organic arsenic injection. So the cheap way is regular testing of your pet for heartworm and other preventive measures.

Lyme Diseases in Dogs


It is another common disease. An animal will show pain, loss of appetite, fever and limping.

About disease

Ticks are the major reason for the spreading of this disease. As it enters the bloodstream, it will reach the joint fo your pet and will cause pain. It is generally treatable but can be fatal if left untreated.

Prophylaxis and treatment

Your vet can help your dog with antibiotics. You can also prevent the occurrence of this disease by vaccination. Keep your pet safe from ticks.

Conclusion of Diseases in Dogs

So these were some most common and serious diseases that may affect your dog. Hope this article helps you.

Thank you


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