Saint Bernard dog: Appearances, History, Characteristics and price

    Saint Bernard dog: In the beginning, Saint Bernard was originally bred to guard the ground of Switzerland’s Hospice. They were also used to find and save injured and lost travelers.

    In today’s era, Saint Bernard is getting all the comforts of family life in many houses across the world.
    The breed we are talking about does not rank much high in AKC registration still many people around the world prefer to tame this giant creature of the Swiss Alps.

    In many books, the words and phrases used for St bernards are “very powerful”, “imposing”, “extraordinarily muscular” and “massive”.
    The breed is popular for its patient and watchful behavior and is also careful with children.

    Saint Bernard dog

    History of Saint Bernard dog

    A monk named Bernard of Menthon in the year of 1050 established a hospice at the snowy pass within the Alps to aid pilgrims journeying to Rome.

    It is believed that the hospice monks developed powerful working dogs that are St. Bernard to locate and rescue luckless passengers buried in that snowy pass.


    The genial giant is a massive breed. The male in this breed can stand up to 27.5 inches at the shoulders while the females are bit smaller and more delicately built. It weighs around 65 to 120Kg or even more.

    The tail of this breed is heavy and long, hanging high. The coat of this giant creature can be either smooth or rough.
    The breed is characterized by its huge head featuring a wrinkled brow, dark eyes and short muzzle. These all features of St Bernard’s give it a very intelligent and gentle expression that gives sight of a friendly welcome.


    The breed we are introducing today is very versatile. It also excels in the obedience trial and show ring. The breed is also good in weight pulling and drafting competition.

    As hospice dogs, they are welcoming and friendly giving the clue what they received from their heritage.
    The breed is benevolent tempered and is generally kind and careful with kids. Saint Bernard’s dog also enjoys attention but is not much demanding.

    They never get insecure like other breeds. Saint Bernard dog loves to please others especially their human companions but sometime may get stubborn.
    They never are aggressive unless the reason is to the defense of their family member.


    Commercially prepared high-quality dog feed that is ideally prepared for the large breed is sufficient to deliver all the essential nutrients to the dog. You can also go for home-prepared dog feed approved by your veterinarian.

    You can manufacture dog feed at your home with the help of vegetables, meat, milk, boiled eggs, whole grains, etc. Also, consult your doctor about the human food item safe for this giant creature or food item not safe for it.

    This breed is more prone to overweight, so keep eyes on its calorie consumption.
    Treat is essential in training. But try to avoid treat to an overweight dog. Also, limit the treat.
    The animal should have all access to clean and fresh-water.

    Saint Bernard dog

    Grooming of Saint Bernard dog

    They come in a long-haired and short-haired variety, but both varieties need almost similar coat care.
    A proper brushing once a week will help to remove all the loose hairs and dirt and will maintain the looking his best.
    During shedding season you should increase the brushing twice a week.


    This large and massive breed, still it requires a moderate amount of exercise.
    To keep him healthy, half-hour play or one long walk is sufficient.

    Treatment for dog bite: click here to read


    They require early training while they are still easily manageable. Like other large breeds, this breed also needs early socialization training. You need to expose them to many different peoples, sounds, experiences, and sights.

    Socialization at a young age will ensure them to grow up in a well-rounded and good-tempered dog.
    Obedience training is a must as it will make him learn not to jump on people, steal food from the table, and aggressive on kids.

    This breed loves to please others. So it will soon entertain your command as soon as it understands what is expected of him.


    This is a massive breed so more prone to develop bloat. Bloat is a life-threatening condition, so as a dog owner, you must know the symptoms of bloat.
    Other common conditions are eye disease and hip dysplasia.

    It can easily tolerate both high and low temperatures. But a sudden change in temperature from air conditioning to high heat may lead to serious distress.

    Also Read: Tibetan Mastiff


    So these were all about St. Bernard. Hope this giant creature is successful enough to steal your heart.
    Thank you

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *